Coastal Defence Schemes
Coastal defence schemes actually deliver shoreline management plan and coastal defence strategy policies on the ground. The schemes actually provide the level of protection required to minimise flood and erosion risks. Coastal defence schemes are capital projects that provide new levels of protection against flooding or erosion, being much more significant than the general ongoing maintenance of the coastal defences that we also undertake.
When designing a scheme, studies will refine the assessments made in the coastal defence strategy for each management policy unit, to precisely identify how any necessary engineering works or beach management will be undertaken. A Project Appraisal Report (PAR) will be written, which provides the preferred technical solution to achieving the policy set by the coastal defence strategy, which will be used to inform an application for funding.
PARs are written around the following sections, to ensure the schemes we promote are right for the area:
Once written, the PAR will be presented to the Environment in attempt to secure national grant-in-aid funding for capital coastal defence schemes. The Environment Agency will critically review the PAR and may approve it for funding, if it meets the appropriate criteria and is affordable.
As made very clear within the Pagham to East Head Coastal Defence Strategy, funding for coastal defence schemes is limited nationally, and construction works may only be completed where funding is secured. For much of our coastline, the cost: benefit ratio for coastal protection schemes is low, making it very difficult to secure national funding. Historically, funding for schemes comprised 100% national grant-in-aid funding where a clear business case could be made, however the policy on funding is changing, and there is a greater need for community contributions towards schemes. This is discussed further on the 'funding sea defences' page.
Various coastal protection schemes have been undertaken along the Pagham to East Head coastline over the last 5 years. These include:
These schemes are discussed in more detail on the pages specific to each scheme.
Schemes we will be promoting over the next 5 years include: